PNEUMATOLOGY : Holy Spirit

DEFINITION

 

The word “Pneumatology” comes from the words pneuma–meaning wind or spirit–and ology meaning “the study of”.   In theology, Pneumatology is the study of what the Bible teaches about the Holy Spirit.

 

Pneumatology includes teaching on the identity of the Holy Spirit; receiving the Holy Spirit; the Baptism of the Holy Spirit; the ministry of the Holy Spirit; and gifts and fruit of the Holy Spirit.

 

The study of Pneumatology is of tremendous importance to Christians because the Holy Spirit plays a vital role in the life of each believer.   Studying the role and work of the Holy Spirit also protects believers from inaccurate teachings.

 

Harvestime has a special course devoted to this subject entitled “The Ministry Of The Holy Spirit” to enable you to study Pneumatology in depth.  Upon completion of this course you will be able to:

 

-Describe the personality of the Holy Spirit.

-List various names and titles of the Holy Spirit.

-Identify emblems representing the Holy Spirit.

-Describe the ministry of the Holy Spirit.

-Explain how to receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

-Receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

-List and define the gifts of the Spirit.

-Identify your spiritual gift(s).

-Identify the fruit of the Spirit.

-Identify the works of the flesh.

-Develop the fruit of the Holy Spirit in your life.

 

For detailed study of Pneumatology, consult “The Ministry Of The Holy Spirit” available free online at: http://www.harvestime.org

 

THE DEITY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

The Holy Spirit is distinguished from and yet closely related to the Father and the Son.  He is equal with God as He is  part of the Trinity of God.

 

The Holy Spirit is called “God”:

 

But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost…thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.  (Acts 5:3-4)

 

He is referred to as the “Spirit of God”:

 

And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water:  and, lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him:  And lo a voice from heaven saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.  (Matthew 3:16-17)

 

The Holy Spirit is not an “it”.  He is referred to in the Bible with personal pronouns.  Jesus spoke of the Holy Spirit as “He.”  Jesus said:

-He shall speak of me:                         John 15:26.

-I will send Him unto you:                  John 16:7.

-He shall glorify me:                           John 16:14.

-He shall not speak of Himself:          John 16:13.

 

The relation of the Holy Spirit to the Father is revealed in the following references in the Bible.  He is called:

-The Spirit of God:  Genesis 1:2; Matthew 3:16.

-The Spirit of the Lord: Luke 4:18.

-The Spirit of Jehovah:  Judges 3:10.

-The Spirit of the Lord God: Isaiah 61:1.

-The Spirit of the Living God: 2 Corinthians 3:3.

 

The relation of the Holy Spirit to Jesus is revealed in the following references in the Bible.  He is called:

-The Spirit of Christ: Romans 8:9.

-The Spirit of Jesus Christ: Philippians 1:19.

-The Spirit of Jesus: Acts 16:7 .

-The Spirit of His Son: Galatians 4:6.

-The Spirit of the Lord: Acts 5:9; 8:39.

 

NATURE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

When we speak of the nature of the Holy Spirit,  we are referring to the basic qualities which describe Him.  The Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is:

 

Omnipresent.

 

He is present everywhere:

 

            Whither shall I go from thy Spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? 

            (Psalms 139:7)

 

Omniscient.

 

He knows all things:

 

But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit; for the Spirit searcheth  all things, yea the deep things of God. For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man

 

which is in him?  even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.

(1 Corinthians 2:10-11)

 

Omnipotent.

 

The Holy Spirit is all powerful:

 

God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongeth unto God. 

(Psalms 62:11)

 

But ye shall receive power after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you…  (Acts 1:8)

 

Eternal.

 

He is everlasting.  He had no beginning and will have no ending:

 

How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?  (Hebrews 9:14)

 

Holy.

 

The Holy Spirit is just that–Holy, which means He is righteous:

 

Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness , by the resurrection from the dead.  (Romans 1:3-4)

 

Truthful.

 

The Father, Son, and Spirit all bear witness to the truth:

 

For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. (1 John 5:7)

 

 

 

 

THE PERSONALITY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

The Holy Spirit is part of the triune nature of God, but the Holy Spirit also has an individual personality.  The Bible reveals that the Holy Spirit…

 

Has A Mind/Intellect.

 

            And He that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit… (Romans 8:27)

 

Searches Out The Human Mind.

 

            But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit;  for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea,   the deep things of God.  (1 Corinthians 2:10)

 

Has A Will.

 

            But  all  these  worketh  that  one  and  the  selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man    severally as He will. (1 Corinthians 12:11)

 

The will of the Holy Spirit guides believers by denying permission for certain actions:

 

Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia; but the Spirit suffered them not.  (Acts 16:6-7)

 

The will of the Holy Spirit also guides believers by granting permission:

 

And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavored to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the Gospel unto them.  (Acts 16:10)

 

Speaks.

 

He spoke to Philip:

 

            Then the Spirit said unto Philip, Go near, and join thyself to this chariot.  (Acts 8:29)

 

He spoke to Peter:

 

            While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee.      (Acts 10:19)

 

He spoke to the elders in the city of Antioch:

 

            As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas       and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.  (Acts 13:2)

 

Revelation chapters 2 and 3 records several messages spoken by the Holy Spirit to seven churches in Asia.

 

Loves.

 

            Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ’s sake, and for the love of the           Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me. (Romans 15:30)

 

Intercedes.

 

One  of the personality traits of the Holy Spirit is that He is an intercessor:

 

            Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities; for we know not what we should pray for     as we ought; but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which  cannot       be uttered [spoken].  (Romans 8:26)

 

Has emotions.

 

The Holy Spirit is grieved by the sinful actions of believers.  We are warned:

 

And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

(Ephesians 4:30)

 

NAMES OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

In the Bible, names are used to confirm a person’s position and/or function.  The  names given  to the Holy Spirit in the Bible reveal much about His position and function.  The Holy Spirit is called:

 

The Spirit Of God.

 

            Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

            (1 Corinthians 3:16)

 

The Spirit Of Christ.

 

            But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you.         Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His. (Romans 8:9)

 

 

 

 

The Eternal Spirit.

 

The Holy Spirit is everlasting, with no beginning and no end:

 

            How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself    without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?         (Hebrews 9:14)

 

The Spirit Of Truth.

 

The Holy Spirit is the source of truth which inspired God’s Word, the Bible, and He reveals this truth to mankind:

 

            Howbeit when  He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He will guide you into all truth:  for He        shall not speak of Himself; but whatsoever He shall hear, that shall He speak; and He             will show you things to come. (John 16:13)

 

The Spirit Of Grace.

 

            Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of          grace.  (Hebrews 10:29)

 

The Spirit Of Life.

 

            For The Law Of The Spirit Of Life In Christ Jesus Hath Made Me Free From The Law Of Sin And Death. (Romans 8:2)

 

The Spirit Of Glory.

 

            If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye: for the Spirit of glory and of         God resteth upon you.  (1 Peter 4:14)

 

The Spirit Of Wisdom And Revelation.

 

The Holy Spirit gives wisdom to believers and reveals knowledge of Jesus Christ:

 

            That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the Spirit      of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him.  (Ephesians 1:17)

 

The Comforter.

 

The Holy Spirit comforts believers in times of trouble, sorrow, and loneliness:

 

            But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name…         (John 14:26)

 

The Spirit Of Promise.

 

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of promise because He is the Spirit that was sent to fulfill the promise of God:

 

And being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which saith, ye have heard of me.

For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. (Acts 1:4-5)

 

The Spirit Of Holiness.

 

He is holy and sanctifies believers to enable their holiness:

 

And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.  (Romans 1:4)

 

The Spirit Of Faith.

 

When you chose to believe, you have the same spirit of faith as other believers.  They may attend different local churches of different denominations, but if they are true believers they all are united with other true believers by the spirit of faith.

 

We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believe and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak.  (2 Corinthians 4:13)

 

The Spirit Of Adoption.

 

It is through the Holy Spirit that we are “adopted” into the family of God as the children of God:

 

For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.  (Romans 8:15)

 

EMBLEMS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

The Bible uses several emblems to represent the Holy Spirit. An emblem is a symbol representing something which has a special meaning.  The following are emblems used in the Bible to represent the Holy Spirit:

 

 

 

 

The Dove.

 

The Holy Spirit was revealed in the form of a dove at the time of the baptism of Jesus.  This emblem of the Holy Spirit indicates approval, purity, and peace:

 

            And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it   abode upon Him.   (John 1:32)

 

It indicates approval:

 

            And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it   abode upon Him.   (John 1:32)

 

It represents peace:

 

            And I said, Oh that I had wings like a dove!  for then would I fly away, and be at rest.         (Psalms 55:6)

 

It symbolizes purity:

 

            My dove, my undefiled, is but one…  (Song of Solomon 6:9)

 

Oil.

 

Oil is used in the Bible as a symbol or an emblem of the Holy Spirit.  Oil indicates light, healing, and anointing for service.  All of these are given to a believer through the Holy Spirit.

 

The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; He hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised.  (Luke 4:18)

 

How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with Him.  (Acts 10:38)

 

Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.  (Hebrews 1:9)

 

Water.

 

Water signifies the new life and cleansing from sin that the Holy Spirit brings to the believer. Jesus spoke of the Holy Spirit being like water:

 

In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. But this spake He of the Spirit, which they that believe on Him should receive; for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.  (John 7:37-39)

 

For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground:  I will pour my Spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring. (Isaiah 44:3)

 

A Seal.

 

A seal is a special mark indicating ownership.  It also indicates a finished transaction.  The Holy Spirit has sealed believers as belonging to God.  It indicates their salvation is a finished work.

 

In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also, after that ye believed, were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise.  (Ephesians 1:13)

 

And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.  (Ephesians 4:30)

 

Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. 

(2 Corinthians 1:22)

 

Wind.

 

The wind is also an emblem of the Holy Spirit.  It represents the power of the Holy Spirit:

 

The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth; so is every one that is born of the Spirit. 

(John  3:8)

 

And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.  (Acts 2:1-2)

 

You cannot see the wind, but you can certainly see visible effects of the wind.  In the natural world the wind has special functions.  These functions are natural parallels of the “wind” of the Holy Spirit in the spiritual world and include the facts that:

 

-Wind produces life:  It scatters seeds as it  blows and this brings new growth. The Holy Spirit produces life through the seeds of the Word of God as they are scattered in the hearts and minds of men.

 

-Wind separates the wheat from the chaff:   It purifies as it blows away the debris.  The Holy Spirit serves as a purifying power in the life of the believer.

 

-Wind fans dying coals and sets them ablaze: The wind of the Holy Spirit “fans” God’s people in revival and makes them flaming fires of ministry to the world.

 

Fire.

 

Fire is another emblem of the Holy Spirit.   It is manifested in the following ways:

 

-Fire symbolizes the presence of the Lord:

 

And the Angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of the bush: and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.  (Exodus 3:2)

 

-Fire symbolizes the approval of the Lord:

 

And there came a fire out from before the Lord, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat; and when the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces.  (Leviticus 9:24)

 

-Fire provides protection and guidance:

 

And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them in the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night.  (Exodus 13:21)

 

-Fire purifies:

 

Read Isaiah 6:1-8 which relates how the Prophet Isaiah was purified by the fire of the Holy Spirit.

 

-Fire symbolizes the presence of the Holy Spirit:

 

When the Holy Spirit was first given, fire was used as a symbol of His presence:

 

            And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.              (Acts 2:3)

 

-Fire represents judgment:

 

            For our God is a consuming fire.  (Hebrews 12:29)

 

 

 

A Pledge.

 

The Holy Spirit is the “first installment”–like a down payment–of future glory:

 

Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.  (Ephesians 1:14)

 

Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God; Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.  (2 Corinthians 1:21-22)

 

THE MINISTRY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

Creation.

 

The Holy Spirit was active in creation of the earth:

 

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.  And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. (Genesis 1:2)

 

Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.  (Psalms 104:30)

 

Scriptures.

 

The Holy Spirit’s ministry involves the written Word of God which is also called the Holy Scriptures or the Holy Bible.  The Holy Spirit ministered by:

 

-Revelation:

 

He spoke to human writers the message of God:

 

For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.  (2 Peter 1:21)

 

-Inspiration:

 

He guided these writers so the message would be accurate:

 

All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.  (2 Timothy 3:16-17)

 

-Illumination:

 

He enlightens human hearts to understand the message of the Gospel:

 

But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, He shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.  (John 14:26)

 

Israel.

 

The nation of Israel was chosen by God as a people through whom He could reveal Himself and fulfill His master plan in the world.   It was through Israel that the Messiah came to save men from sin.  From Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, the Gospel message spread throughout the world.  The ministry of the Holy Spirit to Israel is evident from the very beginning of the nation.  The Holy Spirit:

 

-Came upon the leaders of Israel.  There are too many examples of this to list all of the incidents as part of this manual.   As you study the Old Testament, you will note many references to the Spirit of the Lord coming upon leaders, priests, prophets, kings, and His people.

 

-Came upon Israel’s places of worship.

 

Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. (Exodus 40:34)

 

And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the Lord.  (1 Kings 8:10)

 

-Guided them to the promised land.

 

Thou  gavest also  thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness so that they lacked nothing…  (Nehemiah 9:20)

 

-Will come upon Israel during the tribulation.   The tribulation is a future time of great trouble on the earth during which God will place a special mark of protection on Israel.

 

And I saw another angel ascending from the  east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,  saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads. And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an  hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.  (Revelation 7:2-4)

 

-Will come upon Israel during the Millennium.  The Millennium is a thousand years of peace during which Jesus will reign on the earth:

 

And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and supplications:  and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they  shall mourn for Him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for Him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.  (Zechariah 12:10)

 

Satan. 

 

The Holy Spirit is the restraining spiritual force that limits the power of Satan:

 

…When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him.  (Isaiah 59:19)

 

When the Holy Spirit is removed from the world, then the spirit of the Antichrist, an evil world ruler, will seize control for a period of time.

 

For the mystery of iniquity doeth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume, with the spirit of His mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of His coming; Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders. And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved, And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion that they should believe a lie; That they all  might  be  damned  who believed  not the  truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness. 

(2 Thessalonians 2:7-12)

 

Jesus.

 

The ministry of the Holy Spirit was evident in the life of Jesus.  Jesus was:

 

-Conceived By The Spirit:

 

And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee;  therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.  (Luke 1:35)

 

Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise, when as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost…  Behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy  wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.  (Matthew 1:18,20)

 

 

 

 

 

-Anointed By The Spirit:

 

And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water:  and, lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him…  (Matthew 3:16)

 

The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, He hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised…  (Luke 4:18)

 

How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power:  who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with Him.  (Acts 10:38)

 

Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.  (Hebrews 1:9)

 

-Sealed By The Spirit:

 

Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth  unto everlasting life, which the  Son of man shall give unto you: for Him hath God the  Father sealed.  (John 6:27)

 

-Led By The Spirit:

 

            Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.     (Matthew 4:1)

 

-Empowered By The Spirit:

 

            But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.        (Matthew 12:28)

 

-Filled By The Spirit:

 

            And Jesus, being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit      into the wilderness. (Luke 4:1)

 

            For He whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God; for God giveth not the Spirit by    measure unto Him.  (John 3:34)

 

 

 

 

-Troubled In The Spirit:

 

            When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her,   He groaned in the spirit and was troubled.  (John 11:33)

 

-Rejoiced In The Spirit:

 

In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes:  even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.  (Luke 10:21)

 

-Offered Through The Spirit:

 

            How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself    without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?         (Hebrews 9:14)

 

-Raised By The Spirit:

 

For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.  (1 Peter 3:18)

 

And declared to be the  Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.  (Romans 1:4)

 

-Commanded His Disciples Through The Spirit:

 

            Until the day in which He was taken up, after that He through the Holy Ghost had given     commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen.  (Acts 1:2)

 

Sinners.

 

The Holy Spirit’s ministry concerning sinners was described by Jesus:

 

Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send Him unto you. And when He is come, He will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness because I go to my Father and ye see me no more; Of judgment because the prince of this world is judged.  (John 16:7-11)

 

The Church.

 

The Holy Spirit serves several purposes in the Church.  He…

 

 

-Formed It:

 

Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner stone; In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto a holy temple in the Lord; In whom ye also are builded together for a habitation of God through the Spirit.  (Ephesians 2:19-22)

 

-Inspires Its Worship:

 

            For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ            Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.  (Philippians 3:3)

 

-Directs Its Missionary Activities:

 

Then the Spirit said unto Philip, Go near, and join thyself to this chariot.  (Acts 8:29)

 

Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into  Bithynia; but the Spirit suffered them not. And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavored to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.  (Acts 16:6,7,10)

 

As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to Cyprus. 

(Acts 13:2,4)

 

-Selects Its Ministers:

 

Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed  the church of God, which He hath purchased  with His own blood.  (Acts 20:28)

 

-Anoints Its Preachers:

 

And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power.  (1 Corinthians 2:4)

 

-Guides Its Decisions:

 

            For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than     these necessary things.  (Acts 15:28)

 

-Baptizes It With Power:

 

And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.  And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as a fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.  (Acts 2:1-4)

 

Believers.

 

The Holy Spirit serves an important purpose in the lives of believers.  He…

 

-Convicts:

 

It is the Holy Spirit that convicts of sin to draw men and women to Jesus.  You could not become a believer without this ministry of the Spirit:

 

And when He is come, He will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to My Father and ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.  (John 16:8-11)

 

-Regenerates:

 

The Holy Spirit changes your life when you become a believer:

 

Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and  renewing of the Holy Ghost.  (Titus 3:5)

 

Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus saith unto Him, How can a man be  born when he is old?  can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born? Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.  (John 3:3-7)

 

-Sanctifies:

 

The Holy Spirit takes the person who has been changed by the new-birth experience and enables them to live righteously:

 

But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth…(2 Thessalonians 2:13)

 

-Baptizes:

 

            And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and began to speak in other tongues, as the     Spirit gave them utterance.  (Acts 2:4)

 

-Dwells Within:

 

The purpose of this indwelling is to strengthen the new nature received through salvation:

 

            What!  Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which   ye have of God, and ye are not your own?  (1 Corinthians 6:19)

 

Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 

(1 Corinthians 3:16)

 

Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature; old things are passed away; behold all things are become new.  (2 Corinthians 5:17)

 

This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. For the flesh lusteth against the  Spirit, and  the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.  But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.  (Galatians 5:16-18)

 

-Strengthens:

 

            That He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with       might by His Spirit in the inner man.  (Ephesians 3:16)

 

-Unites:

 

The Holy Spirit makes a believer one in spirit with God and other believers.  This is called the “unity of the Spirit”:

 

            But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.  (1 Corinthians 6:17)

 

For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many are one body:  so also is Christ. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.  (1 Corinthians 12:12-13)

 

 

 

 

 

-Intercedes:

 

Likewise the  Spirit also helpeth our infirmities:  for we know not what we should pray for as we ought:  but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.  (Romans 8:26)

 

But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost.  (Jude 20)

 

Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints.  (Ephesians 6:18)

 

-Guides:

 

Howbeit when He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He will guide you into all truth; for He shall not speak of Himself; but whatsoever He shall hear, that shall He speak; and  He  will  show  you things to come.   (John 16:13)

 

For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.  (Romans 8:14)

 

-Demonstrates Love:

 

The Holy Spirit shows the love of Christ to and through the believer:

 

            And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by     the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.  (Romans 5:5)

 

-Conforms To The Image Of Christ:

 

            But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into    the same image from glory  to  glory,  even  as  by the Spirit of the Lord. 

            (2 Corinthians 3:18)

 

-Reveals Truth:

 

            But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit:  for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea,   the deep things of God.  (1 Corinthians 2:10)

 

-Teaches:

 

But the anointing which ye have received of Him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you:  but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in Him.  (1 John 2:27)

 

 

-Assures Of Salvation:

 

The Spirit itself beareth witness, with our spirit, that we are the children of God.  (Romans 8:16)

 

And he that keepeth His commandments  dwelleth in Him, and He in him.  And hereby we know that He abideth in us, by the  Spirit which He hath given us.  (1 John 3:24)

 

-Gives Liberty:

 

For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.  (Romans 8:2)

 

Now the Lord is that Spirit:  and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.  (2 Corinthians 3:17)

 

-Comforts:

 

            …and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost…  (Acts 9:31)

 

Even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him; but ye know Him; for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you…But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, He shall teach you all things and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.  (John 14:17,26)

 

-Quickens:

 

But if the Spirit of Him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, He that raised up

Christ from the dead shall also quicken [empower, give new life, resurrect]  your mortal

bodies by His Spirit that dwelleth in you. (Romans 8:11)

 

-Speaks:

 

But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak, neither do ye premeditate; but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye:  for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost.  (Mark 13:11)

 

-Demonstrates God’s Power:

 

And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power; That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men but in the power of God.  (1 Corinthians 2:4-5)

 

 

-Inspires Worship:

 

            God is a Spirit: and they that worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in truth.             (John 4:24)

 

-Empowers For Witnessing:

 

The power to witness is the true evidence that one has been baptized in the Holy Spirit.

 

But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you; and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost parts of the earth.  (Acts 1:8)

 

-Gives Spiritual Gifts And Fruit:

 

The Holy Spirit gives spiritual gifts to believers.  These are  specific abilities to enable them to function effectively as part of the Church.  The Holy Spirit also develops spiritual fruit in a believer’s life.   Spiritual fruit refers to the nature of the Holy Spirit in the life of a believer.

 

BAPTISM OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

There are seven passages in the New Testament where the word “baptize” is used in relation to the Holy Spirit.  Four of these are the words of John the Baptist recorded in the Gospels:

 

I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance:  but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear:  He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire.  (Matthew 3:11)

 

I indeed have baptized you with water:  but He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.  (Mark 1:8)

 

John answered, saying unto them all, I  indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet  of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose; He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire. (Luke 3:16)

 

And I knew Him not:  but He that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on Him, the same is He which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.  (John 1:33)

 

Jesus also spoke of the baptism of the Holy Ghost:

 

            For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not           many days hence.  (Acts 1:5)

 

When Peter spoke of events which took place in the home of Cornelius he quoted the words of Jesus:

 

            Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that He said, John indeed baptized with       water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.  (Acts 11:16)

 

Paul also used the word “baptize” in relation to the Holy Spirit:

 

For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

(1 Corinthians 12:13)

 

The phrase “to baptize into” the Holy Spirit is the same wording used to describe Christian baptism in water.  In both cases baptism is an outward confirmation of an inward spiritual experience.

 

The baptism of the Holy Spirit was given during a Jewish observance called the feast of Pentecost.  For this reason, baptism in the Holy Spirit is often called a “Pentecostal experience” and the time of the giving of the Spirit called “the day of Pentecost.”

 

The Holy Spirit came down from Heaven and completely immersed (baptized)  believers assembled in the upper room of a house in Jerusalem.  They had been waiting or “tarrying” for His coming as they had been commanded to do by Jesus.  Peter said this experience was the fulfillment of God’s promise given through the Prophet Joel: “In the last days…I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh.”

 

And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions; And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.  (Joel 2:28-29)

 

Male and female, young and old were to be included in this outpouring of the Holy Spirit.  They were to prophesy, dream dreams, and see visions.  God’s Spirit was to empower both servants (men) and handmaidens (women).  On the day the Holy Spirit was given, Peter said:

 

Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.  (Acts 2:38-39)

 

Peter’s words revealed that the promise of the Holy Spirit was:

-A national promise:    “Unto you” (the Jewish people).

-A generational promise: “Your children.”

-A universal promise:  “To all that are afar off.”

 

There are three places in the New Testament where we are told what happened when people were baptized in the Holy Spirit:

 

The Day Of Pentecost.

 

Acts 2:2-4 is the record of what happened on the day of Pentecost:

 

And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were  all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.  (Acts 2:2-4)

 

At The House Of Cornelius.

 

Acts 10:44-46 is the record of what happened when Peter preached the Gospel to a man named Cornelius and his family:

 

While Peter yet spoke these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word.

And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God… (Acts 10:44-46)

 

The Converts At Ephesus.

 

Acts 19:6 describes what happened to the first group of converts at Ephesus:

 

            And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they       spake with tongues and prophesied.  (Acts 19:6)

 

As we compare these passages there is one physical sign which is common to all three:  Those who received the baptism of the Holy Spirit  spoke with other tongues.  Other supernatural signs of the Holy Spirit are mentioned, but none of these were evident on all three occasions.

 

On the day of Pentecost, the sound of a  rushing wind was heard and visible tongues of fire were seen.  These were not recorded on the other two occasions.  At Ephesus the new converts prophesied. This is not mentioned as having occurred on the day of Pentecost or in the house of Cornelius.

 

The one outward sign which the apostles observed in the experience of Cornelius and his household was that they spoke with tongues.  This physical sign was proof to the disciples that this family had been baptized in the Holy Spirit.  From these Biblical records we conclude that the physical sign of speaking in tongues through the power of the Holy Spirit confirms that a person has been baptized in the Holy Spirit.

 

The sign of “tongues” can be languages known to man. This is what happened on the day of Pentecost:

 

…And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold are not all these which speak Galilaeans? And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?  (Acts 2:7-8)

 

Tongues can also be a language not known to man.  This is called an unknown tongue:

 

For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries. (1 Corinthians 14:2)

 

THE GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

The word “spiritual” means “characterized or controlled by the Holy Spirit.”  A spiritual gift is a supernatural ability given by the Holy Spirit to a believer to enable them to minister as part of the Body of Christ.

 

The leadership gifts of the Holy Spirit include apostles, prophets,  evangelists, pastors, and teachers.  Speaking gifts of the Holy Spirit include prophecy, teaching, exhortation, the word of wisdom, and the word of knowledge. Serving gifts of the Holy Spirit include serving, helps, leadership, administration, giving, showing mercy, discerning spirits, faith, and hospitality.  Sign gifts of the Holy Spirit include tongues, interpretation, miracles, and healing.  For additional studies on the gifts, see the Harvestime course on “Ministry Of The Holy Spirit”.

 

The purposes of the gifts of the Holy Spirit are listed in Ephesians 4:12-15:

 

For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ; Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ: That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine by the slight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into Him in all things, which is the head, even Christ.  (Ephesians 4:12-15)

 

According to this passage, the purposes of the Holy Spirit are to:

-Perfect the saints.

-Promote the work of the ministry.

-Edify Christ and the Church.

 

The objectives or goals of spiritual gifts are that we will:

-Become united in the faith.

-Develop our knowledge of Christ.

-Develop in perfection, with Christ as our model.

-Become stable, not deceived by false doctrines.

-Mature spiritually in Christ.

 

Each believer has at least one spiritual gift:

 

As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.  (1 Peter 4:10)

 

But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as He will.

(1 Corinthians 12:7,11)

 

The main passages identifying spiritual gifts are:

-Romans 12:1-8                       -1 Corinthians 12:1-31

-Ephesians 4:1-16                    -1 Peter 4:7-11

 

Remember that these gifts are special abilities from God to minister in different ways.  While there may be some evidences of these in your life, it does not necessarily mean you have a certain gift.  For example, all believers are to give to the work of the Lord with tithes and offerings, but the gift of giving is an unusual generosity prompted by the Spirit of God.  All believers have a measure of faith according to the Word of God. But the gift of faith is a special ability to believe beyond that of the ordinary Christian.

 

Some people claim that all of the spiritual gifts listed in the Bible are not for the Church today.  They believe some gifts like prophecy, tongues, miracles, etc., were only for the early Church.   They often use 1 Corinthians 13:10 to support their opinions:

 

            But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. 

            (1 Corinthians 13:10)

 

These people say that once the Church was established, there was no longer a need for some of these more miraculous gifts. What they fail to note is that knowledge is also mentioned in the same passage as being “vanished” or done away with:

 

            …whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease;   whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away.  (1 Corinthians 13:8)

 

If we use this verse to say tongues, interpretation, and prophecy are no longer needed, then we must also say knowledge is no longer needed. This passage actually refers to a future time when the perfect Kingdom of God is established on earth.  Since what is perfect will come at that time, we will have no need of any of the spiritual gifts then, because…

 

            …He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself shall be with       them, and be their God.  (Revelation 21:3)

 

We will have no need of messages through prophecy, tongues, or interpretation, for we will be dwelling with the God who inspires such messages.  We will have no need of words of wisdom or knowledge, for we will be living with the source of knowledge.  We will not need discerning of spirits, for…

 

            …there shall no wise enter into it any thing that defileth…but they which are written in the   Lamb’s book of life.  (Revelation 21:27)

 

There will be no need for gifts of healing for…

 

            …In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life…for the healing of the nations.  (Revelation 22:2)

 

Also recall the purposes and objectives of spiritual gifts given in Ephesians 4:12-15.  The purposes are for perfecting the saints, promoting the work of the ministry, and edifying Christ and the Church.  The purposes for which the gifts were given still remain. The saints still need to be perfected, the Gospel still needs to be extended to the ends of the earth, and Christ and the Church need to be edified.  The objectives–that we will be united in the faith; develop in our knowledge of Christ; develop in perfection with Christ as our model; become stable, not deceived by false doctrines; and mature spiritually in Christ–still need to be fulfilled.

 

God would not give spiritual gifts for these specific purposes and objectives and then remove them without these things being accomplished.

-Are all believers united in the faith?

-Has everyone developed fully in the knowledge of Christ?

-Are we all perfected?

-Are our Church members stable and not being deceived by false doctrines?

-Are all our Church members spiritually mature?

 

The answer to all of these questions is “no.” For this reason we know all of the spiritual gifts are still for today. God gave spiritual gifts to accomplish certain purposes in the Church. He will not withdraw any of these gifts without these purposes being accomplished.  The Bible also says that the “gifts and callings of God are without repentance” (Romans 11:29).  This means God will not change His mind and take back a spiritual gift or calling He has given.

 

THE FRUIT OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

The fruit of the Holy Spirit refers to the development of the nature of the Spirit revealed in the life of the believer, spiritual qualities which should be evident in the lives of all Christians.  The gifts of the Holy Spirit are for power. The fruit of the Holy Spirit is for the development of character in the life of a believer.   Here are the qualities or “spiritual fruit” that should be developing in the lives of true believers: “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law”  (Galatians 5:22-23). For further study on this subject see the Harvestime International Institute course entitled “Ministry Of The Holy Spirit”.

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